Southern California has Los Angeles, with its movie stars and beautiful beaches, and the Bay Area has hip San Francisco and Silicon Valley. But working class Fresno has one thing no other city in California does: a fully funded pension.
“The fact they are so rare is a strong indication that government shouldn’t be involved in this business if basically you have to find one of every 100 who is doing it right ” says Robert Fellner of Transparent California, a non-partisan research group.
Fresno is only one of seven cities or states nationwide with a pension surplus, according to a study by Fellner’s organization and the group Wilshire Consulting. The rest are $6 trillion short, setting aside just 35 cents for every dollar promised.
Wisconsin is the only state more than 50% funded, according to the American Legislative Exchange Council. The five worst include Illinois, where 60% of state workers retired in their 50s. In Connecticut, pensions average $40,000 a year, yet state employees contribute just zero to two percent, compared to 6% in North Carolina, according to the ratings company, Fitch.
Two Iraqi men who allegedly lied their way past U.S. immigration officials and continued their terrorist-related activities after being admitted as refugees are the latest evidence that a flawed screening process is putting Americans at risk, critics say.
Aws Mohammed Younis Al-Jayab, 23, moved to the U.S. in 2012, only to return to the Middle East twice to fight for Al Nursra, was allegedly recorded by the FBI boasting about executing members of the Syrian Army and their Russian allies. Wiretaps, made while he moved from Arizona to Wisconsin and then California, captured him stating he wanted to return to Syria because he was “eager to see blood.
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Aws Mohammed Younis Al-Jayab was allegedly caught on tape boasting about killing for Al Qaeda. (Associated Press)
But when Al-Jayab sat for his interview with U.S. Customs and Immigration Services officials, he lied about his past and his true intentions, say law enforcement officials. Al-Jayab is being held in Chicago for attempting to support a terrorist group, and also faces charges in California for lying to investigators about living in Syria.
Faraj Saeed Al Hardan, a Palestinian born in Iraq, lived in refugee camps in Iraq and Jordan before moving to Houston in 2009. The nephew of a legendary Al Qaeda bomb maker, he last week pleaded guilty to plotting and training to bomb and shoot up two Houston malls, including the prestigious Galleria. During a hearing on Monday, the 24-year-old pleaded guilty to attempting to assist the Islamic State group beginning two years ago.
Al Hardan, who now faces up to 20 years in federal prison when he is sentenced Jan. 17, also lied to U.S. Customs and Immigration services when he successfully sought asylum in 2009 and permanent residency in 2011.
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Faraj Saeed Al Hardan plotted to blow up malls in Houston, according to federal investigators. (Associated Press)
These latest cases of refugees who turned out to be terrorists confirm that it is simply impossible for our screening system to detect all those who are a threat, said Jessica Vaughan, director of policy studies for the Center for Immigration Studies, a Washington, DC-based research institute. These two men should never have been admitted.
They were interested and involved in terrorism before they came here, and our so-called great vetting system, that obviously isnt as great as the Obama administration claims, did not pick up on it, she added.
Over the last seven years, more than 100,000 Iraqi refugees have been granted refugee status in the U.S., and President Obama has granted nearly 13,000 Syrians the same.
Aaron Rodriguez, spokesman for the Department of Homeland Security, told FoxNews.com that the security vetting for refugees is extraordinarily thorough and comprehensive.
It is the most robust screening process for any category of individuals seeking admission into the United States, Rodriguez said. The process is multi-layered and intensive, involving multiple law enforcement, national security, and intelligence agencies across the federal government.
Screening partners include the National Counterterrorism Center, the FBI, Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Defense, and other intelligence community and law enforcement members.
Refugee applicants are subject to rigorous biographic and biometric screening that has been substantially enhanced over time, and those applicants who raise security concerns, are subject to further checks, including classified databases and open-source information, such as social media.
However, Claude Arnold, a retired U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement special agent in charge of Homeland Security Investigations, said historically hundreds of war criminals have entered the U.S. as refugees pretending they were victims when they were actually perpetrators. The stakes are much higher with terrorists trying to use our refugee program to do us harm, Arnold said.
Our intelligence from Iraq is much greater than in Syria because we had a military presence there for so long, Arnold said. We had biometrics, fingerprints, and documentary evidence to identify bad actors. But cases like these show this vetting process is not foolproof.
They include Mohanad Shareef Hammadi and Waad Ramadan Alwan, two Iraqi refugees in Bowling Green, Ky., whose prints were found on unexploded IEDs in Iraq, and who had a history of using IEDs to attack U.S. soldiers in Iraq.
Alwan was sentenced to 40 years in prison after pleading guilty to a host of terror-related charges, and Hammadi is serving a life sentence on similar charges.
Fazliddin Kurbanov, a Uzbekistan refugee who entered the US in 2009, was convicted in Idaho in federal court on three terrorism-related charges after prosecutors said he plotted deadly attacks in the US. He faces additional charges in Utah related to him allegedly instructing other recruits on building bombs to target public transportation systems.
The issue of where to expand airport capacity in the UK has vexed politicians for years and there are strong divisions within the government.
Prime Minister Theresa May told the Commons during Prime Minister’s Questions last week the subject had been “debated, discussed and speculated on for 40 years”.
Heathrow is already operating at 98% capacity and Gatwick is expected to run out of space in the next few years.
Airlines and business groups favour expansion of Heathrow – Britain’s busiest airport – which offers more direct connections than Gatwick and handles more freight.
But local residents and politicians are concerned about noise, traffic and pollution.
InteractiveSee how proposed flightpaths with the third runway differ from current flightpaths
Proposed Flight Paths
Current Flight Paths
A Heathrow expansion is also strongly opposed by Education Secretary Justine Greening and Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson, who has pledged to “lie down” in front of bulldozers to stop the building.
However, neither he nor Ms Greening are members of the airports sub-committee charged with making the final decision.
As many as 60 Tory backbenchers could also vote against expansion at Heathrow, and Zac Goldsmith, Tory MP for Richmond Park and North Kingston, has vowed to resign if it goes ahead.
Mrs May has given ministers “exceptional and limited” freedom to criticise the government’s final decision – although they will not be allowed to campaign against it – a move being seen as evidence a third runway at Heathrow will be backed.
“The Investors (Business) Daily poll, which was the single most accurate poll for the last three cycles. The last three presidential races. We’re up. We just went up. We were down three. We were down five. We’re now two up in Rasmussen. Just came out this morning. We’re up in another couple of polls,” Trump said.
Neither the IBD/TIPP nor the Rasmussen polls meet CNN’s polling standards, for different reasons. IBD/TIPP poll does not disclose critical pieces of its methodology and Rasmussen uses a blend of online and telephone polling without live interviewers.
However, the majority of national polls show Trump trailing Clinton by wide margins. A new ABC News/Washington Post poll shows Clinton with a 12-point lead over Trump among likely-voters. According to the most recent CNN Poll of Polls, which averages the results from the four most recent publicly released national polls, Clinton leads Trump by 8-points among likely voters.
The businessman-turned-politician also told the crowd he was leading in the key swing states.
“We’re up in Ohio, we’re up in Iowa. We’re doing great in North Carolina,” he said. “I think we’re doing great in Florida. I think we’re really — I think we’re going to win Florida big.”
Trump’s campaign manager Kellyanne Conway said Sunday Trump was behind, about two weeks before Election Day.
“We are behind. She has some advantages,” Conway told NBC’s “Meet the Press,” adding that Clinton “has a former president, happens to be her husband, campaigning for her; the current president and first lady, vice president — all much more popular than she can hope to be. And she’s seen as the incumbent.”
Jason Miller, Trump’s senior communications adviser, told CNN’s Wolf Blitzer on the “Situation Room” Monday that the campaign is doing “fantastic.”
“Let me tell you where he’s behind. He’s behind in Pennsylvania, slightly. He’s behind slightly in Michigan. There’s these blue states Mr. Trump is putting into play where we get zero credit for doing so,” he said. “We’re leading in places like Iowa, which has been blue the last couple of cycles. We’re leading in Ohio. We’re probably a tied race in North Carolina. We might be slightly ahead there. In Florida, I believe we’re within the margin in that state. We’re ahead with absentees at this moment.
He added: “We believe we’re winning this race. Mr. Trump said that in his very last rally that he was in. That’s the real reflection of where we are as a campaign.”
(CNN)Young people who get the human papillomavirus vaccine before turning 15 need only two doses, rather than three, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced last week.
It recommends that children ages 11 and 12 receive two doses of the HPV vaccine at least six months apart; 13- and 14-year-olds may also use this schedule. People who start the series at 15 through 26 still need three doses, it said.
HPV is a common virus that can affect anyone who is sexually active. It can result in HPV-related cancers, with cervical cancer most common among women and oropharyngeal cancers most common among men.
The vaccine is recommended routinely for women through the age of 26 and men through the age of 21, said Dr. Melinda Wharton, director of the CDC’s Immunization Services Division. Gardasil 9, approved in 2014, prevents HPV types that cause cervical cancer, vaginal and vulvar cancer in females, anal and throat cancer in females and males, penile cancer in males and genital warts in males and females.
In 2006, the Food and Drug Administration licensed the HPV vaccine at three doses to be administered over six months. Additional studies since then showed that, for people ages 9 to 14, two doses of the vaccine can be just as effective.
The CDC and its Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices reviewed clinical trial data that found two doses of the HPV vaccine in young adolescents ages 9 to 14 produced an immune response similar to or higher than that of young adults age 16 to 26 who received three doses.
“The immune response to the vaccine is better in the younger age groups than the older age groups,” said Dr. Yvonne A. Maldonado, vice chairwoman of the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Infectious Diseases and professor of pediatrics at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
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For people younger than 15, Wharton said, the second dose should be taken six to 12 months after the first.
“This allows families to have their child vaccinated at the annual visit, which should make it easier to complete these series,” she said.
Maldonado predicts that a two-dose schedule, rather than three, will also make it easier to complete the series.
“Only 42% of teenage girls and 20% of teenage boys have gotten all three doses,” she explained. “We know that the numbers would be higher for just one dose.”
Editors note: Ann Voskamp is a wife, mother and New York Times bestselling author. She is a Canadian who lives in Ontario. This column originally appeared on her website, A Holy Experience. Her new book, The Broken Way will be published by Zondervan on October 25.
Yeah, sure, theres another debate to take the airwaves Wednesday night, but theres really no debate:
Youre the people who gave the world Broadway and Google and delivery pizza and YouTube and the best road trips on the planet. Youre the people who gave the world the internet, the language the whole world now speaks in. Who gave us the Wright brothers and the whole world wings, who gave us Thomas Edison and the light bulb and ignited something in all of us.
You’re the people who gave the world Broadway and Google and delivery pizza and YouTube and the best road trips on the planet. You’re the people who gave the world the internet, the language the whole world now speaks in. Who gave us the Wright brothers and the whole world wings, who gave us Thomas Edison and the light bulb and ignited something in all of us.
See the Fox News 2016 battleground prediction map and make your own election projections. See Predictions Map →
Youre the people who propelled us off the planet, who put footprints on the moon, who are shooting to get humankind to Mars, and America, you are the people who never stop shooting for the stars and will not let the best vision of humanity be shot down by divisions or politicians or opposing positions.
Because America? Youre a great incubator of dreams, a lab for human possibilities, a seedbed for visions of hope to grow, a beacon of refuge and liberty to the tired and huddled masses and an election doesnt change the DNA of who you are, a campaign season cannot undo the heart of you that beats from the winding sublimeness of Highway 1 to the general stores of the Blue Ridge Parkway, and no vote can derail that youre a family who knows that if an election is allowed to destroy friendships, then its America that loses.
If an election is allowed to destroy friendships, then its America that loses.
Thank you, America, for being the people who know that – no matter who takes the White House in November, there are people in Gods House who will keep taking hope into the streets.
Thank you, America, for knowing that ultimately good news isnt the wheelhouse of the government – its ultimately the reality of the gospel.
Thank you, America, for being a pioneering people who believe in Seed Lives, who believe in breaking hard ground, who arent afraid to plow deeper to grow greater, who believe thatthe smallest seeds of kindness can begin to break the worst kind of brokenness
The smallest seeds of kindness can begin to break the worst kind of brokenness.
The world thanks you, America for believing in liberty, for hoping in possibility, for fighting against poverty, and bigotry, and misery, for living neighbourly, and choosing unity and accepting diversity and being grace in community.
America, the world thanks you, for not only being a land of great people, but for being one of the greatest ideas of the world.
And there is nothing that can destroy the strength of an idea that never stops believing.
Ann Voskamp’s the wife of one fine, down-to-earth farmer; a book-reading mama to a posse of seven; and the author of the New York Times bestsellers “The Greatest Gift” and “Unwrapping the Greatest Gift,” and the sixty-week New York Times bestseller “One Thousand Gifts: A Dare to Live Fully Right Where You Are,” which has sold more than one million copies and has been translated into more than eighteen languages. Her latest book “The Broken Way: A Daring Path into the Abundant Life” (Zondervan). Voskamp has been named by Christianity Today as one of fifty women most shaping culture and the church today. Follow her on Twitter @AnnVoskamp.
Dozens of critically-endangered primates have been saved in Indonesia from being sold by traffickers on Facebook, a UK charity has revealed.
East Sussex-based International Animal Rescue (IAR) said 34 “extremely stressed” slow lorises had been seized.
Some had bite wounds, six had been shot with air rifles, some had their teeth clipped and several were pregnant.
Five people – three suspected hunters and two dealers – were arrested in the operation by West Java police.
Charity officials said the nocturnal primates were being sold via social media by animal traffickers seeking big profits.
The Javan slow loris is among the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s 25 most endangered primates.
Numbers in the wild have been decimated by their illegal trade and social media is a new method being used increasingly by animal traffickers.
Hunters sell them for just 3 to dealers who then trade them on for between 12.50 and 31.
Keeping slow lorises as pets is banned under Indonesian law, but many are sold openly every day in markets, the charity said.
The seized animals are now receiving intensive care at an IAR centre in Java.
Wendi Prameswari, the animal care manager at the centre in Java, said the slow lorises would go through a quarantine process and receive close medical attention.
She said: “They need very intensive treatment and care during the first few days in particular and often some of them succumb to the high stress levels, infections and injuries received during capture, packing, transportation and selling.”
Karmele Llano Sanchez, programme director of IAR Indonesia, said: “Stopping these syndicates is crucial for the survival of so many endangered species, including the slow loris.”
Heading a football can significantly affect a player’s brain function and memory for 24 hours, a study has found.
Researchers said they had identified “small but significant changes in brain function” after players headed the ball 20 times.
Memory performance was reduced by between 41% and 67% following the routine heading practice, with the effects wearing off after 24 hours.
The University of Stirling study was published in EBioMedicine.
It is the first to detect direct changes in the brain after players were exposed to everyday head impacts, as opposed to clinical brain injuries like concussion.
Researchers fired footballs from a machine designed to simulate the pace and power of a corner kick and asked a group of football players to head a ball 20 times.
The players’ brain function and memory were tested before and after the exercise.
The university said it was yet to investigate whether the changes to the brain were temporary after repeated games of football or if there were long-term consequences on brain health.
Dr Magdalena Ietswaart, a cognitive neuroscientist at the University of Stirling, said the research had been carried out in the light of “growing concern” about links between brain injury in sport and the increased risk of dementia.
“Using a drill most amateur and professional teams would be familiar with, we found there was in fact increased inhibition in the brain immediately after heading and that performance on memory tests was reduced significantly,” she said.
“Although the changes were temporary, we believe they are significant to brain health, particularly if they happen over and over again as they do in football heading.
“With large numbers of people around the world participating in this sport, it is important that they are aware of what is happening inside the brain and the lasting effect this may have.”
Former Scottish Football Association chief executive Gordon Smith said Scotland should consider copying the American method by putting a ban in place to prevent youngsters heading the ball.
He said: “I do consider that it should be looked at for young players below a certain age. In football, for youngsters these days the ball is often in the air because they play smaller-sided games.
“We should try and discourage it from certain age groups in order to make sue there isn’t any later effects on little kids.”
But he added that if he had his time again, he would still play in the same way: “I think if I was given the choice to play again with the scenario that you were heading the ball and it could do some sort of damage, I would still agree to play.
“That was what I wanted to do more than anything in my life.”
Analysis from BBC Radio Scotland’s John Beattie, a former international rugby player
It’s the unexpected nature of the test results that make them so devastating for football. None of the academics themselves thought that the mere act of heading a normal football a number of times, at a normal speed, as if in a normal situation, would give rise to an immediate reduction in brain function, and the onset memory loss, in the brains of two thirds of the participants tested.
Disturbingly the symptoms took 24 hours to clear. The question that popped into my head was: what if someone does this every day? Do they live a life in a permanently sub concussive state? How does this affect them in older life? What about youngsters whose brains are more prone to damage?
Oh we know about concussions, but we thought the days of heading an old, sodden, leather football were gone. We know about elbows and head knocks, and we know about footballers and rugby players with early onset dementia.
But we didn’t know that just heading a ball caused so much damage to the brain.
As I looked on slightly alarmed, a student footballer sat strapped to a chair in the shiny white laboratory of the Cottrell building on the leafy Stirling university campus. Outside the trees tried to discard their summer green for the stunning autumn gold, but the subject’s face clung on to the olive tones of someone more than slightly nervous.
Wires led from his body to a machine measuring his brain’s ability to react to a stimulus and transfer it to his leg muscles. To my left was a wavy line on a screen that couldn’t lie.
The test was a mock-up for our filming, but the source signals going through his brain and to the machine were real and each one came with a crack, a two-eyed blink, a violent contraction of his quadricep, and a tell-tale jump in the trace signal on that all knowing screen.
Putting students through this before and after headers demonstrated the immediate effects I mentioned earlier.
I played rugby, I have a son who plays rugby, and a daughter who plays international football. I hope beyond hope that this test doesn’t mean I have been a fool to encourage both of them into sport.
But this, of all the research I have seen, is the piece of work that alarms me the most.
More and more research is pointing to the fact that the bit of my body I was least worried about hurting by taking up sport – my brain – might just have been the most vulnerable after all.
And after this, many footballers young and old will be thinking the same.
More research is needed to assess whether this is temporary, and the effects on youngsters.
Psychology professor Lindsay Wilson from Stirling University said: “There’s been scepticism about whether there is a connection between soccer heading and changes in the brain, but this is evidence of both changes in inhibition and also in cognition immediately after heading.
“I think that together with evidence from previous studies it begins to paint a picture that raises concerns.
“What we really need here is more research to try and better understand what is going on.”
When asked about the impact it could have on memory, Prof Wilson said: “The effects we are seeing are rather short term. We really need to identify in more detail what exactly is happening and how long these effects are lasting.”
Dr Angus Hunter, reader in exercise physiology, added: “For the first time, sporting bodies and members of the public can see clear evidence of the risks associated with repetitive impact caused by heading a football.
“We hope these findings will open up new approaches for detecting, monitoring and preventing cumulative brain injuries in sport. We need to safeguard the long-term health of football players at all levels, as well as individuals involved in other contact sports.”
Marks and Spencer says its inspections have not found a single Syrian refugee working in its supply chain in Turkey.
But Panorama found seven Syrians working in one of the British retailer’s main factories. The refugees often earned little more than a pound an hour – well below the Turkish minimum wage. They were employed through a middleman who paid them in cash on the street.
One of the refugees told Panorama they were poorly treated at the factory. He said: “If anything happens to a Syrian, they will throw him away like a piece of cloth.”
The youngest worker was 15 years old and he was working more than 12 hours a day ironing clothes before they were shipped to the UK.
A spokesperson for Marks and Spencer said the programme’s findings were “extremely serious” and “unacceptable to M&S”. It is offering permanent legal employment to any Syrians who were employed in the factory.
“Ethical trading is fundamental to M&S. All of our suppliers are contractually required to comply with our Global Sourcing Principles, which cover what we expect and require of them and their treatment of workers.
“We do not tolerate such breaches of these principles and we will do all we can to ensure that this does not happen again.”
But critics say the retailers are not doing enough to stop the problems highlighted by Panorama.
Danielle McMullan, from the Business & Human Rights Resource Centre, says the brands need to understand that they are responsible: “It’s not enough to say we didn’t know about this, it’s not our fault.
“They have a responsibility to monitor and to understand where their clothes are being made and what conditions they are being made in.”
Many clothes are now made in Turkey because it is close to Europe and used to dealing with last-minute orders. This allows retailers to get new designs into shops more quickly than if they are made elsewhere.
But Turkey is a challenging place to do business. Concerns are rising about the exploitation of workers after the arrival of almost three million Syrian refugees.
Most of the refugees do not have work permits and many of them are working illegally in the garment industry.
Panorama reporter Darragh MacIntyre spoke to dozens of Syrian workers who felt they were being exploited. He said: “They speak of pitiful wages and terrible working conditions. They know they are being exploited but they know they can do nothing about it.”
In one back-street workshop in Istanbul, the programme team found several Syrian children hard at work. They also discovered an Asos sample in the office.
Asos accepts its clothes were made in the factory, but says it is not an approved factory. The company has since inspected and found 11 Syrian adults and three Syrian children under 16 at work.
Asos says the children will be financially supported so they can return to school and the adult refugees will be paid a wage until they have been found legal work. A spokesperson for the company said: “We have implemented these remediation programmes despite the fact that this factory has nothing to do with Asos.”
The investigation also found Syrian refugees working 12-hour days in a factory that was distressing jeans for Mango and Zara.
The refugees were involved in spraying hazardous chemicals to bleach the jeans, but most of the workers did not even have a basic face mask.
Mango says that the factory was working as a sub-contractor without its knowledge. Its subsequent inspection did not find any Syrian workers and found “good conditions except for some personal safety measures”.
Zara’s parent company, Inditex, says its factory inspections are a “highly effective way of monitoring and improving conditions”. It had already found significant non-compliance in an audit in June and had given the factory until December to make the necessary improvements.
In another Istanbul factory, Panorama found Syrian adults at work alongside Turkish children as young as 10.
The owner said he had been working for Next and showed the undercover team a set of Next pyjamas that he said the factory had helped produce.
Next says the pyjamas were actually made by another supplier and the pyjamas we saw may have been a sample. It says samples circulate widely and that the presence of a sample in a factory does not mean it was made there.
Sixty-five years ago thousands of British conscripts were sent to Egypt to defend the Suez Canal in the wake of rising Egyptian nationalism. Poorly trained and under-equipped, they faced a brutal and bloody situation, protecting British interests in a conflict they wanted no part of.
In October 1951 a tense stand-off between the British and Egyptian governments broke down over the number of UK troops stationed in the country. In response, the British government mobilised 60,000 troops in 10 days, in what was described as the biggest airlift of troops since World War Two.
It was the beginning of the end of Western control of the Suez Canal and the start of the three-year Suez Emergency, which has been described as a “forgotten war fought by a forgotten army”.
On the front line and defending the dying days of Britain’s colonial interest in Egypt were men like Emmanuel Clark, who was 18 when he was called up for national service in 1951.
Just weeks after completing basic training, the dock worker from Fleetwood in Lancashire was sent to Egypt. “Everybody had to go in and if you were stuck in a mundane job you looked forward to it,” he said.
In the years after World War Two the British government was struggling to maintain its colonial empire in Egypt and beyond; national servicemen were seen as having a crucial role in keeping control.
By the 1950s males between 17 and 21 had to spend two years in the armed forces, with nearly two million going through national service between 1939 and 1960.
They were deployed all over the world to protect British economic and strategic interests – and nowhere was more important to these than the Suez Canal Zone.
Opened in the 1880s the British-French-owned canal, which connected the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea, provided Britain with a shorter shipping route to its empire but also to the crucially important oilfields of the Persian Gulf.
In 1936 a treaty was signed with Egypt that agreed the British could stay in the country but concentrated in the Suez Canal Zone, an area running along the length of the waterway.
“Britain needed Egypt and the Suez very, very badly… it wasn’t going to give it up lightly,” said author and historian Dr Colin Shindler.
But Egyptian nationalists, led by Gamal Abdel Nasser, fought back and demanded a revision of the treaty and the immediate withdrawal of all British troops.
On 16 October 1951 Egyptians stormed the Army’s Naafi storehouses in Ismailia. A British soldier was stabbed and two Egyptians were killed in clashes. Egyptian volunteers rushed to join the Liberation Battalions, as the Muslim Brotherhood branch in Ismailia declared a jihad against the British.
“The Egyptians were better equipped and had better arms… in a lot of cases you would end up in the middle of a demonstration then somebody would open up with a gun – it was a nasty business,” said Mr Clark.
“If you went to Korea you knew where the front line was but in Egypt you didn’t know who the enemy was, so you eventually you began to think everyone was the enemy and if they were in the line of fire, that was just too bad.
“We’d lost two or three guys to snipers so when we caught one, as soon as he divulged where the others were, I watched an officer shoot him. He was about 16 I think… but nobody bothered.”
It was a shocking act to witness but Dr Shindler believes it was a product of the attitudes of the time: “There was a sense of ‘we are white and superior and the ruling race’,” he said.
“There was the attitude that that’s how we treat the natives… don’t for one minute think that they are your equals because they are not.”
With hindsight Mr Clark is pragmatic: “We were being attacked and would have been overrun… you just accepted it and there was nothing you could do about it so you just got on with it.”
The conflict placed huge pressure on inexperienced young men.
“I was 18 when I joined up and we were there to fight,” said Michael Owen, 85, from Cheshire. He was sent out to the Suez in October 1951 just three months after completing his basic officer training.
“The situation was in turmoil and nobody knew what the Egyptian army was going to do, but it was vital for the British to keep that canal secure,” he said.
Suez Canal Zone
In 1951, Egypt declared void the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936 that had granted Britain a lease on the Suez base for a further 20 years. Tensions led to the declaration of an emergency period until 1954.
In October 1956, the British and French-owned canal was nationalised by the Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, prompting military action by Israel, Britain and France to restore Western control – the Suez Crisis. However, they were forced to withdraw as the action did not have the backing of the USA.
During the period from 1951 to 1956 there were 450 British military fatalities in the zone.
Mr Owen, who joined the 1st Battalion Cheshire Regiment as a transport officer, said: “I was totally untrained and had to learn pretty quickly.
“It was an immense amount of responsibility.”
He found himself defending transport routes alongside the canal. “We were stationed in Port Said. Our job was to protect against terrorist attacks and we worked two days, one day off,” he said.
“Learning on the job was very stressful – you had to learn how handle men considerably older and more experienced than you. Telling someone in their 30s what to do could be a very scary experience.”
As the conflict continued, more British troops were shipped in.
Eric Osborne, a furniture restorer from Ilminster in Somerset, was 18 when he was called up.
Such was the urgency of the situation that when he was sent home from training he was called back the next day and within 48 hours he was despatched to the Suez.
“They didn’t say what for – I had no idea,” Mr Osborne said. “I’d never even heard of the Suez. We didn’t find out where we were going until we were there.
“I was on death row for three months,” said Mr Osborne, referring to his job driving a ration truck along a road by the Suez Canal.
Trucks travelling along the road were regularly ambushed and it soon acquired a reputation as “the most dangerous road in Egypt”.
“I knew I had to do it… it wasn’t an adventure, it was just something I had to do,” he said.
“I have heard people saying ‘fancy fighting over a body of water’ but we had a perfect right to it and it made me grow up, that’s all I can say.”
In an army made up of conscripts it was up to the regulars to help them adjust to military life.
Sgt David Rose, who led the first wave of the forces that arrived in the Suez, was tasked with showing the men who joined his platoon military life.
“In the platoon there were only five regulars, all the rest were national servicemen,” he recalls.
“They slotted in and they were very good but they were funny people; a breed all on their own,” said the 80-year-old former soldier.
“They all had to do it which they hated, but they loved it as well.”
With a huge numbers of troops on the ground, the British were faced with a continuing crisis in Egypt.
Attitudes were hardening towards national service and the notion of “doing your bit for the country,” said Dr Shindler.
“They [national servicemen] didn’t want to spend a ‘gap year’ getting killed. They had no desire to be in the Army, no desire to stay in the Army, and just wanted to get back to the jobs they’d left behind.”
However, about 70,000 thousand troops would remain stationed in the Canal Zone until 1954.
Living in huge tented camps the conditions were “very primitive”, said Mr Clark: “There was no sanitation… more troops were going down with disease than action.”
The living conditions of the troops were raised by Barbara Castle MP, who told Parliament: “Our men in the Canal Zone consider themselves to be the forgotten army of 1954 sitting as they are in a concentration camp behind barbed wire meditating on the futility of existence and wondering what is happening to their families.”
“There was a huge difference in attitudes as the emergency came to an end,” said Dr Shindler.
“The further we got from 1945 there was the belief that we were being ripped off and the bloody government was shoving us into a place we didn’t know or care about.
“The idea of serving your country had dropped and there was a sense of the men just wanting to put on a sharp suit and go to the disco with some pretty girls.”
Ken Foot, 83, certainly didn’t feel that they were all in it together. The printer’s apprentice from London, who initially got a deferment from national service, went to Egypt when he was 21.
“Most of the battalion were national service blokes. They were a good bunch of fellas but you were all mixed up with the regulars who got more looked after than us.
“It wasn’t noticeable but you’d find yourself bog cleaning a lot.
“Coming home felt bloody good – I felt like I’d done something but it was time to start living again.”
Photographer Ed Gold has been documenting communities living off-grid for many year, and recently he visited the woodland community at Tinkers Bubble in Somerset and spoke to some of those living close to the land.
Ed Shaw, 29, has been living at the site for more than two years and has spent much of his life on the road, having found city life was not to his liking.
“Broadly I’d say that any change you make in your life, no matter how small the change, in living closer to nature, will make your life better and more worthwhile,” he says.
“It could be the joy in your life, whatever that is, whether it’s planting flowers or raising butterflies indigenous to your area or living like this, will make a difference.
“To be still, that’s the joy of being settled.
“We have 300 volunteers who visit every year as they have realised how their lives have been and because of how they’d like their lives to be.
“There is a flow of people moving around who want to change their lives, and I think that will create a positive change in society.”
In contrast Ed’s partner, Sophia, who is training to be a Shiatsu practitioner, had not lived off-grid prior to moving to Tinkers Bubble, but had been doing an apprenticeship on a farm.
“It was a leap of faith to move here as I’d never really visited before, but it was an easy transition as I knew a few of the members already,” she says.
“The interpersonal dynamics are the most rewarding but most challenging aspect of living in the community.
“It’s unpredictable and button-pressing.
“It’s a real blessing to feel connected to a group of people, it’s a big family and that comes from bonded interpersonal relations.
“We get about 40 emails a day in the summer from people asking if they can volunteer and two or three every week from random people asking if they can live at Tinkers Bubble, so that’s an indicator that people realise it’s a better way to live, even if they romanticise the idea.
“It’s not something that anyone can do, but it’s better for mental health to live outside and getting away from the business and rush of day to day.
“The hardest thing is missing having a washing machine, because of the time.
“Washing my clothes by hand takes about three hours.”
Laura Axe, 30, moved here a year ago, having previously lived in a house in Switzerland that did not have electricity.
“It’s very real here because we are trying to live as sustainably as possible, we are producing our food, it’s something that feels very wholesome about this lifestyle,” she says.
“People tend to go towards what they are drawn to, I work with the horses, milk the cow, food production.
“If it’s a big project like the round house, re-thatching it and putting in more windows, we all help out.
“This is the longest I’ve stayed in one place for any length of time.
“I like it here. It says to me it is the way forward – positive steps, positive futures.
“For me, it’s a real encouragement to know this place exists, it feels really supportive that you’re part of a network that is growing.
“I think people are seeing a lot more sense in living this way.
“People are kind of changing their opinion or at least getting their own opinion on what is really important.
“I think it is starting to become very real to people that we can’t continue with the consumerism lifestyle that we’ve had.”
Jen Joseph has spent most of her life on the move, both as a child and in recent years living in Europe and Africa, where she helped set up educational establishments for children.
“There’s this window that is sensible to live within, you make things work within it,” she says.
“The off-gridness fulfils my selfish need to have green around me.
“But if everybody wanted to have that space of green around them, it wouldn’t be possible because there are too many people.
“I have more than my fair share, there aren’t many people that can live like this.
“I feel absolutely privileged the fact that everywhere I look I have real diversity of landscape and am able to wander wherever I like.
“If you allowed people to live like this everywhere, it just wouldn’t work.”
“I have high hopes for the younger generation because I think they think more what it means to be part of this world.
“It’s not about nationality or race or what you’re entitled to, it’s about compassion.
“Compassion in action, just giving up everything and doing the best you can.”
It was 1994 when Michael Zair arrived at the site having worked in a number of jobs, including as a buyer for J Lyons.
“I don’t think I miss anything from living in a house, but there will come a time when my hip joints will struggle with the uneven ground here,” he says.
“And if I have an operation for a hip replacement, it will take a while to recover and I will be quite dependent on other people.
“I’ve been here 22 years so I’ve been saving the government a lot of money on housing benefit.
“I feel very privileged, I have no desire to go and get housebound and dependent on the grid.
“If I had been married, I would never have come here.
“This is my family here and it’s been an exciting adventure.
“Nine babies have been born here.
“It’s sometimes been suggested that this place should be a template for the imagination – to have your dreams here and then go and have the chance to fulfil them.”
This is the first time Eden Evans, 22, has lived off-grid
“I’d heard lots of good things about Tinkers Bubble, and I’m doing a dissertation about eco villages, so I’m here to get first hand experience,” she says.
“I’m interested in growing and gardening and being environmental.
“I’m studying social anthropology, and generally what I like to study is land attitude, which is the cosmology in how landscapes are used in general and affects people’s lifestyle.
“The typical Western ideology is called naturalist cosmology, which has a tendency to view humans as an exception in their surroundings.
“It’s a much less holistic view and more of a hierarchical view of doing things.”
“Culturally, it’s not easy to make a living whilst living in an off-grid community,” says Jake.
“Living without fossil fuels is much more labour intensive and it’s hard to find the balance.
“We do integrate with the local community, but there’s an obvious distinction between living in the community and with the outside world.
“I won’t deny that it’s mentally and physically challenging, especially in winter.
“It’s hard to live here as a musician, because of the way they are expected to live because of travelling around.
“If you want to be successful, you are expected to travel.
“I’m a live musician and you have to go to where the people are that want to see you.
“I don’t know where I’m going to live next, probably in a city to teach English and play music.
“I’m a bit sad to leave. I’ve not come across another community like this in the UK. It’s beautiful.”
Natalie Huss originally came to Britain from Germany to work in Scotland in nature conservation, but it was only when she decided to quit that job that she became interested in living in communities such as this.
“When I was younger I wanted to save the world, I wanted to be one of those on the [Greenpeace ship] Rainbow Warrior,” she says.
“Over the years, I became more and more unsatisfied about the fact that I wasn’t able to work in conservation as well as living a much more sustainable life.
“I lived in an ordinary house, used a car and other machinery for work, bought most of my food.
“I felt it was time to to quit my job and focus on living sustainably and close to the land.
“People feel like they have to get a job and do what everyone else is doing.
“People don’t necessarily have a longing to live off-grid, but many have a longing to change their lives.
“People have such a fear and worry about pensions – but in return for paying into one, in possibly a job that they do not like, they just give up so much for a major part of their lives for so little at the end.”
Raleigh (CNN)With mere weeks until Election Day, the Clinton campaign is committing considerable time to North Carolina.
Hillary Clinton and first lady Michelle Obama on Thursday will campaign together for the first time, in North Carolina, a state that Clinton’s top aides view as a must-win for Donald Trump.
The two first ladies — one former, one current — will campaign together in Winston-Salem, Brian Fallon, Clinton’s spokesman said Sunday.
Clinton’s strategy in North Carolina, a state that voted for then-Sen. Barack Obama on 2008 but flipped back to Republicans in 2012, relies heavily on high turnout from African American and Latino voters and a strong showing with college-educated whites, all groups that have grown in the state since four years ago.
Michelle Obama’s appearances for Clinton have garnered as much — if not more — attention than any other campaign surrogate.
“I think she has emerged as our not so secret weapon out on the trail. She has exceeded our expectations in terms of how many events she has been able to do and been willing to do,” Fallon said. “Her team keeps surprising us with additional availability and we can’t, from our vantage point, get her out there enough.”
He added, “She has been an absolute rock star.”
Clinton also campaigned in North Carolina on Sunday, attending church at a predominantly black congregation in Durham, and then headlining a rally at St. Augustine’s University in Raleigh.
Clinton slammed Trump at the church service, saying that Republican nominee paints a “bleak picture of inner cities and the African American community” while arguing that systemic racism could be fixed with more law-and-order.
Later in the day, at an outdoor rally in Raleigh, Clinton looked beyond Trump and began arguing in favor of key down-ballot Democrats, casting them as the kind of people she needs to be able to get things done if she wins the presidency.
Clinton singled out Roy Cooper and Deborah Ross, the North Carolina Democratic gubernatorial and Senate nominees, respectively.
“He knows that discrimination is not only wrong — guess what, it is bad for business,” Clinton said of Cooper and House Bill 2, the so-called bathroom bill, that GOP Gov. Pat McCory signed earlier this year. The law, in the eyes of its critics, discriminates against LGBT Americans and has caused a number of sports leagues and companies to pull business from the state.
“North Carolina deserves a governor who puts the people of this state first, not some kind of ideological agenda,” Clinton said.
Clinton heralded Ross as the “kind of partner I need in the United States Senate.”
“Unlike her opponent, Deborah has never been afraid to stand up to Donald Trump,” Clinton said. “She knows that he is wrong for America, she knows that people of courage and principles need to come together to reject his dangerous and divisive agenda.”
Clinton has looked to punish Republicans who are refusing to disavow Trump for the last two days, hammering Sen. Pat Toomey of Pennsylvania while she campaigned in the state on Saturday.
Her aides say these comments are part of a strategy that they hope will help Clinton both win the White House and possibly secure a Democratic Senate in the process.
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Before I unload on WikiLeaks, let me make myself clear:
I don’t care much for Hillary Clinton.
I can’t stand many of her ardent supporters, who frankly, can’t stand me either.
As a buddy of mine said about the election: “I don’t like Trump much, but I know Hillary hates me more.”
We conservatives pride ourselves on calling something as it is. We harass President Obama daily for his inability to say “radical Islam.” We openly mock the gender monsoon of pronouns offered to students; we deride politicians who call taxes “revenue.” And yet, we’re A-OK with calling theft of personal information, a “hack.”
That’s how I feel, and think, too. Why support someone who despises me, my beliefs, and my contributions to society?
But it still does not make WikiLeaks — which is currently targeting Hillary’s campaign — okay.
See the Fox News 2016 battleground prediction map and make your own election projections. See Predictions Map →
“Hacking” is jargon for theft.
We conservatives pride ourselves on calling something as it is. We harass President Obama daily for his inability to say “radical Islam.” We openly mock the gender monsoon of pronouns offered to students; we deride politicians who call taxes “revenue.”
And yet, we’re A-OK with calling theft of personal information, a “hack.”
No kids, it’s “theft.” And, if it were happening to someone you like, you’d be screaming at the top of your lungs.
Lucky us, it’s only happening to Democrats!
Thus we see the consequence of team sport politics. We hate goons on the other side, but we love our goons nonetheless. For now, WikiLeaks is our goon.
For now. Until that goon comes for you.
It’s the crocodile that eats you last.
Now there are some lightweight thinkers who simplistically recite this common ruse: “if you have nothing to hide, then hacking should not bother you.”
That is hardly the point.
First of all, if you have nothing to hide, then you’re a hopeless bore. Every interesting person has stuff in their heads and in their pasts that make them perversely human.
Second, it is not up to you to decide whether their personal communications are YOUR property.
Emails are as private as private can get: it’s when people talk about their lives, their loves, their hatreds, their petty opinions, their desperate pleas for forgiveness, their wild drunken boasts, their racy poems, their intimate grief, their sullen sign offs and boozy flirtations.
As to the argument that WikiLeaks is performing a service that our mainstream media has abdicated — does that mean you’d prefer the mainstream media to steal people’s emails, too?
What’s offensive is not what’s in those emails, but that one would be “offended” by private info you happen to be picking through as if it’s a bargain bin at a record store. If you’re upset about some stranger’s feelings expressed in an email about religion, then that’s on you for invading that persons privacy. You aren’t God. You aren’t supposed to see everything.
And … how dare anyone comment on the “tone” of an email? So, are we now all supposed to adjust our private thoughts and feelings based on how someone else perceives our “tone?” It’s none of anyone’s business, and it’s frankly creepy that anyone would care about tone in something that ain’t your business.
Fact: if you’re remotely interesting, this invasion WILL happen to you. Trust me.
As for the argument that we have a right to invade the personal sock drawers of public servants as an issue of transparency, then that means we can apply that to all arenas of work.
Take media. You could say that, “because we get our information from these servants of media, we should know what they really think behind closed doors.” So, “hack them.”
Take health care. We trust doctors and nurses with our lives, so “we have every right to see what they think behind closed doors.” So “hack them.”
Take gas, electric, auto, or oil company employees. The left might see them as causes of climate change, so “we have every right to see what they think behind closed doors.”
You’re in the military? If you’re supporting the war industry, then I have a right, etc.
You can apply this logic to anyone, and everyone.
Ben & Jerry’s products cause obesity — which leads to premature death. — I wonder if they ever discuss that in their private emails!
The Catholic Church claims their pope is infallible — well, I want to see HIS emails!!
And, if you happily announce, for lack of a coherent argument — that “who cares — this is a new era! Privacy is dead!” — you do so under a cloud of ignorance.
And, even more important: you are banking on your own failures as a human.
For if you think you’re safe from the prying eyes of the media, political groups, spies and thieves — it’s only because you think your life is worthless. You somehow believe that no one would want anything from you: you’re boring, insignificant, a piece of nothing floating in the atmosphere.
Yep, you conclude, people only “hack” important people.
The fact that you don’t care about these violations is a reveal of how little you care about yourself.
And that’s a big mistake. For if you communicate with others, about things, about life, about whatever — someone will find value in it — either on purpose or accidentally.
Look at Ken Bone, that seemingly decent nobody who happened to ask a question at the last town hall-style presidential debate. Catapulted to fame — all 15 minutes of it– he ends up being exposed as a guy who leaves comments on porn threads. Turns out he likes to talk about porn, and his vasectomy. And that’s now a story that he must deal with because America suddenly took an interest in him, and therefore a prurient interest in him, too. It was as if Gawker never left us.
So, if you applaud WikiLeaks now for their decision to publicize the contents of stolen emails handed over to them, in all probability from Russian actors, pretend for a moment that those emails belonged to you, or your dad, or your mom.
If you state you have nothing to hide, then either you’re lying or the least interesting person on earth.
The children brought to Britain earlier this week entered under the so-called Dublin regulation, which meant they had to provide evidence they had a relative in the UK who could be responsible for their care.
Their arrival comes ahead of the demolition of the Jungle camp by the French authorities, which is scheduled to begin on Monday.
‘Children will go missing’
Bishop of Croydon, Jonathan Clark, who is a spokesman for campaign group Safe Passage UK, welcomed the latest arrivals, saying, they were “not just children seeking to reunite with their families, but also the most vulnerable who are at last being transferred to Britain under the provisions of the Dubs amendment, including many young girls, who have arrived today”.
He added: “With demolitions due to begin on Monday we remain extremely concerned that children will go missing and urge government to redouble its efforts to transfer all the eligible children in Calais, and ensure the rest are adequately protected.”
Meanwhile, French police have clashed with migrants living in the Calais jungle ahead of its demolition. Migrants have been seen throwing rocks at the authorities, who have attempted to disperse groups with tear gas and flares.
About 7,000 people are thought to be staying in the Calais migrant camp, all of whom will be offered places to stay ahead of the camp’s closure on Monday.
Washington (CNN)In a renewed push that could put House Speaker Paul Ryan in a political jam, conservatives in the House are circulating a letter urging Republican leaders to delay the election that will determine whether Ryan keeps his gavel in the next Congress.
House GOP members traditionally vote on top leadership positions the week following the election, but a bloc of members are arguing that vote shouldn’t happen until December, after Congress deals with a spending bill to avoid a government shutdown and addresses other business.
“We really should delay those leadership races for further on in December, or at least late November, to give all the newly elected members of Congress the chance to get to know people,” North Carolina Rep. Mark Meadows told CNN in a phone interview on Friday.
Members of the Freedom Caucus are reaching out to other factions inside the GOP conference in an effort to demonstrate broader support across the ideological spectrum for postponing the vote, which is slated for mid-November, barely a week after Congress returns and digests the results of the presidential race.
Ryan faces intense blowback after he told House GOP members he would no longer defend Donald Trump following the release of the video tapes that captured the billionaire businessman making vulgar statements about women in 2005.
The speaker’s move was followed by fierce criticism from the GOP nominee himself, who called Ryan “very weak” and “ineffective,” and from other Trump allies who question whether he should remain speaker.
Oklahoma GOP Rep. Jim Bridenstine threatened to pull his support for Ryan last week because he wasn’t strongly backing Trump. And the dust-up over Ryan’s strategy to solely focus on down-ballot races and to essentially ignore Trump has other House Republicans angry and accusing him of essentially conceding the presidential race.
Tennessee GOP Rep. Scott Desjarlais said in a statement to CNN, “it’s hard to find a Paul Ryan fan in my district.”
Meadows caused a stir on Thursday when he told WAAV radio in North Carolina that some constituents are questioning the party loyalty of Ryan and said there will be discussions after the November 8 election about what the leadership team will look like going forward. But on Friday, he ruled out a run for the post, telling CNN, “I have no desire nor plans to ever run for speaker. That’s not where I see myself.”
Asked for reaction to Meadow’s comments, Ryan’s spokeswoman AshLee Strong said Thursday, “Speaker Ryan is fighting to ensure we hold a strong majority next Congress, and he is always working to earn the respect and support of his colleagues.”
Fox News anchor Sean Hannity floated Meadows name, along with House Freedom Caucus Chairman Jim Jordan, as possible replacements for Ryan. But Meadows noted that he’s never talked to Hannity and said he wasn’t suggesting a challenge when he made the comment on Thursday, but was just discussing the dynamic he’s hearing about from voters in his state.
He said he speaks frequently to Jordan, and said the Ohio Republican is not considering a run for a leadership post and no one else is circulating names of other potential challengers.
Jordan’s spokesman, Darrin Miller, told CNN, “he is focused on his own race and helping Republicans up and down the ticket.”
Meadows, who made a national splash when he made the first procedural move on the House floor that ultimately led former House Speaker John Boehner to step down, said there are “zero talks” to try any procedural move on the floor to oust Ryan.
But asked if he’ll back Ryan in the GOP conference election, the North Carolina Republican said, “there’s no race at this particular point” and said he didn’t see any need to discuss the issue “before there’s actually candidates.” He said the only discussions he’s heard about are for the contest for the job to run the House GOP campaign committee to replace current chairman Greg Walden.
“For us to focus on anything other than the presidential race or our own races would not only be premature but would be a waste of energy right now because we don’t know what the landscape is right now,” Meadows said.
But even if conservatives aren’t putting the plans together to back an alternative to Ryan right now, the effort to try to force leaders to delay the date of the leadership election effectively helps them do that by allowing more time to rally around a challenger.
The details of the letter making the case for more time are still being finalized, but Ryan and other leaders began hearing about the idea of sliding the leadership elections to a later date several weeks ago.
At his last press conference before the congressional fall recess, the speaker said he expected the vote to happen at the same time it does after every election. Officially, the House GOP conference Chair, Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers, sets the date for the leadership election.
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